Ian Hamilton Finlay




b.1925 Born in Nassau, Bahamas
Moved to Glasgow, as a child
1950’s Moved to Edinburgh
1961 Founded The Wild Hawthorn Press with Jessie McGuffie
1962 Founded the periodical Poor. Old. Tired. Horse offset at
the Wild Hawthorn Press
1966 Moved to Stonypath in the Southern Uplands of Scotland, where
he immediately set about creating his world-famous garden
Little Sparta
1979 -84 Founded the Saint-Just Vigilantes, planned and took
part in the First Battle of Little Sparta, February 4, 1983 (between Strathclyde Region and Little Sparta).
1985 Nominated for the Turner Prize
1987 Awarded Honorary Doctorate by the University of Aberdeen.
1993 Awarded Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.
1999 Awarded Honorary Professorship from the University of Dundee.
2002 Awarded CBE in New Year's Honours.
Awarded Scottish Horticultural Medal by the Royal Caledonian
Horticultural Society
2003 Scottish Arts Council Creative Scotland Award


Selected solo exhibitions

2005 Comprehensive Survey of prints, Boutwell Draper Gallery, Sydney
Sentences, Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK
L'Idylle des Cerises, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
Early Works from The Wild Hawthorn Press 1964 –1971 (from the collection of Edwin Morgan) Scottish Poetry Library, Edinburgh
Of Conceits and Collaborators, National Library of
Scotland, Edinburgh, UK

2004 Works on Paper 1968 - 2000, UBS Gallery, New York, USA
Vessels, The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, USA

2003 Idylls and Interventions, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK

2002 Maritime Works, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall, UK
Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York, USA
Ian Hamilton Finlay, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

2001 Souvenirs: 100 Postcards by Ian Hamilton Finlay, The Scottish
National Gallery of Art, Edinburgh, UK
Ian Hamilton Finlay, Stampa, Basel, Switzerland

2000 Garden Works, Nolan/ Eckman Gallery, New York, USA
Ian Hamilton Finlay/ Richard Tuttle, Stampa, Basel, Switzerland
Nature Over Again After Poussin, McMaster Museum of Art,
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

1999 Variation on Several Themes, Joan Miro Foundation, Barcelona, Spain

1998 Modern Antiquities, Landesmuseum, Mainz, Germany
Odor Suavitatis, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK

1997 Buro Sophia Ungers, Cologne, Germany
Wild Hawthorn Press, Academie Beelende Kunsten, Maastricht,
the Netherlands
Prints 1963 - 1997, Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund, Germany.
Stadsgalerij, Heerlen, the Netherlands
Galerie Stadtpark, Krems, Austria

1996 Grains of Salt, Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, Wales
Reef-Points, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York, USA

1995 Paperworks, Stampa, Basel, Switzerland
Works: Pure and Political, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany
Stones & Leaves, The Houghton Library, Harvard University, Boston, USA
70th Birthday Show, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK

1994 3 Sailboats, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK
Icons and Proposals, Laumeier Sculpture Park and Museum, St. Louis, USA
Streiflichter: Fragments from the French Revolution, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York, USA

1993 Wildwachsende Blumen, Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany
CAYC Buenos Aires
The Sonnet is a Sewing Machine for the Monostich, Crawford
Arts Centre, St. Andrews, Scotland
12 / 1794, Galerie Busche, Berlin, Germany
Inscriptions, Massimo Minini Gallery, Brescia, Itlay
A Proposal for the Leasowes and other works, MBC Dudley, UK

1992 10 Maquettes for Neo-Classical Structures, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK
Instruments of the Revolution and other works, ICA, London, UK
City Art Gallery, Leeds, UK

1991 Gulfs and Wars, Kunstverein Friedrichshafen, Germany
Malerisamling Lillehammer, Norway
Galerie Stadtpark und Autoren, Krems, Austria
Ideologische Ausserungen, Frankfurther Kunstverein, Frankfurt/Main
Pastorales, Overbeck - Gesellschaft, Lübeck, Germany
Definitions, Galerie Sfeir- Semler, Kiel, Germany
The Poor Fisherman, Talbot Rice Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA
Tate Gallery, Liverpool, UK
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Ian Hamilton Finlay & The Wild Hawthorn Press, The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
A Wartime Garden, Galleria Victoria Miro, Florence, Italy

1990 Galerie Schedle & Arpagas, Zurich, Switzerland
Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland
ACTA & Galleria, Milano.
Stampa, Basel, Switzerland
Christine Burgin, New York, USA
Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen-Bachem, Germany
Idylls, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK
The Ocean and the Revolution, Gallery Burnett Miller, Los Angeles, USA
Ian Hamilton Finlay and The Wild Hawthorn Press 1958 to 1990,
Frith Street Gallery, London, UK
Holzwege, Neuer Aachener Kunstverein, Aachen, Germany
A Wartime Garden, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

1989 Galerie Wernicke, Stuttgart, Germany
Stadtische Galerie am Markt, Schwabisch-Hall, Germany
Kellie Lodging Gallery, Pittenween, Scotland, UK
Paperworks, Galerie Hubert Winter, Vienna, Austria
1789 - 1794, Kunsthalle Hamburg, Germany
Works, Butler Gallery, Kilkenny Castle, Ireland
Bicentenary Celebrations, Kelly Lodging Gallery, Pittweem, Scotland, UK

1988 Proposals, Museum of Contemporary Art, Dunkirk, France
An Exhibition on Two Themes, Galerie Jule Kewenig
Frechen-Bachem, Germany
Michael Klein Gallery, New York, USA
Inter Artes et Naturam, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK

1987 Inter Artes et Naturam, Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
Midway, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France
Pastorales, Galerie Claire Burrus, Paris, France
Poursuites Revolutionnaires, Foundation Cartier pour l'Art,
Jouy-en-Josas, France
Homage to Ian Hamilton Finlay, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK

1986 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Aberdeen Art Gallery, UK
Marat Assasine and Other Works, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK

1985 Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool, UK
Eric Fabre Galerie, Paris. France
Little Sparta and Kriegsschatz, Espace Romeau-Chapelle, Sainte-Marie, Nevers, France

1984 Talismans and Signifiers, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
Liberty, Terror and Virtue, City Art Gallery, Southampton, UK
Print Gallery, Peter Brattinga, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1981 Unnatural Pebbles, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

1980 Nature Over Again After Poussin, Collins Exhibition Hall,
University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
Rijksmuseum Kroller-Mulle, Otterlo, The Netherlands
Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

1977 Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, UK
Serpentine Gallery, London, UK

1976 Coracle Press, London, UK
Homage to Watteau, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh.
City Art Gallery, Southhampton, UK

1974 National Maritime Museum, London, UK

1972 Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK

1971 Winchester College of Art

1970 Ceolfrith Bookshop Gallery, Sunderland, UK

1969 Pittencrieff House, Dunfermline, UK
Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

1968 Axiom Gallery, London, UK

Selected Group Exhibitions

2006 Tate Triennial, Tate Britain, London, UK

2005 Edition, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
Down the Garden Path: The Artist’s Garden After Modernism, Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA

2004 Art and the Garden, Tate Britain, London.
Bang, Colgate University, Hamilton, USA

2000 Encounters, National Gallery, London, UK

1999 Heads will Roll, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, UK
Musee d'Art Contemporain de Montreal, Canada
La Biennalle de Montreal, Centre International d'Art, Canada

1998 Les Capteurs de Rives, 1st Biennale de Montreal, commissaire;
Claude Gosselin

1997 Material Culture, Hayward Gallery, London, UK
Grenzgnger, Deutscher Sparkassen Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany
The Pleasure of Reading, John Gibson Gallery, New York, USA
Wortwechsel, Kunstlerwerkstatt Lothringer Str., Munich, Germany

1996 Schwere-Los-Skulpturen, Landesmuseum Linz, Austria
Public Works, Peninsula & Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Netherlands

1995 Where is Abel, Thy Brother? The Zacheta Gallery, Varsovie, Poland
Lesen im Buch der Kunst, Library of Baden, Karlsruhe, Germany
The Green Room, Sydney Gardens, Bath, UK

1994 Das Jahrhundert des Multiple, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany
East of Eden, Museum Schloss Mosigkau, Dessau-Mosigkau, Germany
Translokation, Haus der Architektur, Graz, Austria

1993 Konfrontation, Museum Moderner Kunst, Groningen, Netherlands
Die Sprache der Kunst, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, Austria
Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt/Main
Skultur statt Denkmal, Galerie Fricke, Dusseldorf, Germany
'Words', Galerie Sfeir-Semler at the Galerie Jergen Becker, Hamburg, Germany

1992 Three British Book Artists, Mandeville Gallery, University of
California, San Diego, USA
Force Sight, Schloss Presteneck, Neuenstadt, Stein am Kocher, Germany
Lux Europe, Lux Europae Trust, Edinburgh, UK
Verzamelde Werken, Centrum Beeldende Kunst, Groningen, Netherlands.
1991 Rhetorical Image, The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, USA
Metropolis, Berlin, Germany
Night Lines, Centraalmuseum, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Virtual Realities, Traveling Gallery Exhibition, Scotland, UK

1990 Allegorie, Galerie Sfeir-Demmle, Kiel, Germany
Glasgow's Great British Art Exhibition, McClellan Galleries, Glasgow, UK
Von der Natur in der Kunst, Wiener Festwochen, Austria

1990 Messepalast Halle E, Vienna, Austria
Poesis, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
British Art Now: A Subjective View, Stagaya Art Museum, Fukuoka Art Museum, etc. Japan

1989 Hier wird getanzt, XPO Galerie, Hamburg, Germany
British Sculpture 1960-88, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerp, Belgium
Prospect ‘89, Frankfurter Kunstverein/Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
Buhnen Stucke, Kunstverein Munchen, Germany
Freiheit- Gleichheit ñ Bruderlichkeit, Germanisches
Nationalmuseuem, Nurnberg
Stampa, Basel, Switzerland
2000 Jahre Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit, Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn, Germany

1988 Pyramiden, Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen-Bachem, Germany
Art in the Garden, Garden Festival, Glasgow, UK
Starlit Waters, British Sculpture 1968-88, Tate Gallery Liverpool, UK
Camouflage, Curt Marcus Gallery, New York, UK
Brittannica: 30 Ans de Sculpture, Le Havre, France
Saturne en Europe Musée de l'Oeuvre Notre-Dame, Galerie de l'Ancienne Douane, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Strasbourg, France
Skulpturen Republik, Vienna-Festival, Vienna, Austria.

1987 Documenta 8, Kassel, Germany
The Unpainted Landscape, Scottish National Gallery of Modern
Art, Edinburgh, UK
Monument to Feuerbach, Summer Exhibition, Antwerp, Belgium
Aphrodite of the Terror, Edinburgh International Exhibition, Edinburgh, UK

1986 L'Art et le Sacre Aujourd'hui, Cistercian Abbey, L'Epau, France
Between Object and Image, organised by Ministerio de Cultura and British Council, toured to Palacio de Velasquez, Madrid; Centre Cultural de la Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona; Centro de Arte Moderna de Fundacao Gulbenkian, Lisbon

1985 The British Show, British Council exhibition, Sydney, Australia

1984 Merian Park, Basel, Switzerland

1983 Hayward Gallery, London, UK

1977 Participated with 'Lyre' at the Silver Jubilee Exhibition of
Contemporary Sculpture, Battersea Park, London, UK


Selected permanent installations

2004 St. Mary Axe, City of London, UK
Fleur de l'Air, a private garden in Provence, France

2001 Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, The Dean Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

2000 Wallraff- Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany
Schoenthal Monestry, Switzerland
Patumbah Park, Switzerland
Hamilton, Scotland

1999 Bundesarbeitsgericht, Erfurt, Germany
Private garden, Zurich, Lauffen, Basel, Switzerland
BUGA, Magdeberg, Germany
Barcelona, Spain
Park am Goetheturm im GruGurtel, Frankfurt, Germany
Montreal, Canada
Dienstgebaude fur den Generalbundesanwalt beim.
Bundesgerichtshof, Karlsruhe, Germany
Ponte Vedra, Spain
Shell Research, Thorton Research Centre, UK

1998 Serpentine Gallery, London, UK
The Ark, London, UK
Den Haag, the Netherlands

1997 Hunter Square, Edinburgh
Kunsthalle, Hambourg

1996 Botanic Garden, University of Durham, UK

1995 Landesgartenschau, Grevenbroich

1994 The Gyle, Shopping Centre, Edinburgh
Schroder Munchmeyer Hengst & Co. Bank, Frankfurt/Main
Laumeier Sculpture Park, St. Louis

1993 Beelden op de Berg, Belmonte Arboretum, Wageningen, Netherlands

1992 Shenstone’s Leasowes, Dudley, UK
Floiadepark, Zoetermeer, Netherlands

1991 Stockwood Park Nurseries in the Borough of Luton, UK
Library of Baden, Karlsruhe, Germany
Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lubeck, Germany

1990 Private Library of the German architect Ungers, Cologne
12th & K Office Tower, Sacramento, California, USA
Railway Bridge, Glasgow, UK

1989 Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, UK
Forest of Dean, UK

1988 Museum of Modern Art, Strasbourg, France

1987 Skulptur Projekt, Munster, Germany
Campus of the University of California, San Diego.
Furka Pass, Switzerland.
West Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh, UK

1986 Domaine de Kerguehennec, Brittany, France
Schweizergarten, Vienna, Austria
Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Netherlands

1984 Celle, Garden of Giuliano Gori (Near Florence)

1980 Kroller-Muller Sculpture Garden, Otterlo, Holland

1979 British Embassy, Bonn, Germany

1978 Bell's Garden, Perth, UK

1976 University of Liege, Belgium

1975 Garden of the Max Planck Institute, Stuttgart, Germany